Do artificial hormones enter our water system as a result of the wide-spread use of hormonal birth control?  Alarmingly, yes, this appears to be a well documented impact to our environment (see below).

While we are lightheartedly titling this page "Save Freddy," the truth is that using all natural fertility awareness methods of family planning, is not only naturally good for you--but it also helps save the environment--whether by keeping chemicals out of the water supply or by keeping barrier methods out of our landfills (and plastics out of our water supply.)

All around, FABMs are a great way to support a healthier world!

Join team #saveFreddy!

Check it out for yourself:

[1] Forschungsverbund Berlin e.V. (FVB), Unnoticed sex reversal in amphibians due to artificial estrogen from pills

Hormonally active substances may contribute to global amphibian decline. Some compounds, for example from pharmaceuticals, occur in biologically relevant concentrations in freshwater ecosystems, and thus can affect the hormonal system and the sexual development of animals. Researchers have compared the effects of the pill estrogen ethinylestradiol (EE2) in three amphibian species. The study shows that EE2 can lead to a complete feminization of genetic males. Without molecular establishment of the genetic sex, this has remained partly unnoticed.

[2] Park, Bradley J., and Karen Kidd. "Effects of the synthetic estrogen ethinylestradiol on early life stages of mink frogs and green frogs in the wild and in situ." Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry: An International Journal 24.8 (2005): 2027-2036.

[3] Brande‐Lavridsen, Nanna, Jakob Christensen‐Dalsgaard, and Bodil Korsgaard. "Effects of prochloraz and ethinylestradiol on sexual development in Rana temporaria." Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 309.7 (2008): 389-398.

[4] Iguchi, Taisen, Hajime Watanabe, and Yoshinao Katsu. "Developmental effects of estrogenic agents on mice, fish, and frogs: a mini-review." Hormones and behavior 40.2 (2001): 248-251.

[5] David O Norris. Intersex and other reproductive disruption of fish in wastewater effluent dominated Colorado streams

[6] David O Norris. Assessing Estrogenic Chemicals in Wastewater and Their Effects on Fish Reproduction - A Collaborative Effort Between Discharger and Researcher

[7] David O Norris. Intersex and other forms of reproductive disruption in feral white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) downstream of wastewater treatment plant effluent in Boulder, Colorado

[8] Latonya Jackson and Paul Klerks. Effects of the Synthetic Estrogen 17α-Ethinylestradiol on Heterandria Formosa Populations: Does Matrotrophy Circumvent Population Collapse? Aquatic Toxicology, December 2020.

[9] Bethany M. DeCourten et. al. Multigenerational and Trans-generational Effects of Environmentally Relevant Concentrations of Endocrine Disruptors in an Estuarine Fish Model.” Environmental Science & Technology, 2020 (Volume 54, Number 21).

[10] “Occurrence of Pharmaceuticals and Hormones in Drinking Water Treated from Surface Waters.” Environmental Chemistry Letters, September 2011, pages 103 to 114.

[11] Thaddeus Baklinski. “Scientists: Harmful Hormones from Birth Control Pill Can’t be Filtered out in Sewage Treatment.” LifeSite Daily News, September 12, 2012.

[12] “Can Birth Control Hormones Be Filtered from the Water Supply?” Scientific American, July 28, 2009.

Studies are ongoing, and developments regarding various types of reverse osmosis filtering may remove these hormones from the water we drink. Whether it is economically possible to treat the water that goes into areas where wild fish live is a different story.

[13] “Birth-Control Pills Poison Everyone?: Environmentalists Silent on Threat from Water Tainted with Estrogen.” WorldNetDaily, July 12, 2007.

[14] Canadian Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council.Fish Devastated by Sex-changing Chemicals in Municipal Wastewater.” Science Daily, February 20, 2008. Described in Hilary White. “Study Confirms Estrogen in Water from the Pill Devastating to Fish Populations.” LifeSite Daily News, February 18, 2008.

[15] Professor Paul Fowler, University of Aberdeen, Chair of Translational Medical Sciences, and Dr. Stewart Rhind, James Hutton Institute. Sex and Sewage.” University of Aberdeen, Café Scientifique talk of June 13, 2012.

[16] Iain Murray. The Really Inconvenient Truths: Seven Environmental Catastrophes Liberals Don’t Want You to Know About — Because They Helped Cause Them (Simon and Schuster, 2008).

[17] Hilary White. “Hormonal Contraceptives Pollute Drinking Water ― Environmentalists Turn a Blind Eye.” LifeSite Daily News, July 11, 2007.

[18] Marcia E. Herman-Giddens, et. al. “Secondary Sexual Characteristics and Menses in Young Girls Seen in Office Practice: A Study from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings Network.” Pediatrics, April 1997 (Volume 99, Number 4), pages 505 to 512.

[19] D. Margel and N.E. Fleshner. “Oral Contraceptive Use is Associated with Prostate Cancer: An Ecological Study.” British Medical Journal, November 2011.

[20] David Biello. “Bringing Cancer to the Dinner Table: Breast Cancer Cells Grow Under Influence of Fish Flesh.” Scientific American, April 17, 2007.

[21] “Pill-Popping Society Fouling Our Water, Official Says.” CBC News, March 27, 2006; E. Vulliet, C. Cren-Olive and M.F. Grenier-Loustalot.





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